Understanding Your Cholesterol Numbers

If your cholesterol is too high, you’re at an elevated risk for heart disease and stroke, two of the leading causes of premature death. That’s why Michael Avaricio, MD and the team at Advanced Cardiac Care in Queens, New York offer testing and support to help you keep a close eye on your cholesterol numbers. 

What is cholesterol?

Cholesterol is a fatty, waxy substance in your blood. It’s made by your liver and used by your body to help build cells and make hormones. You can also get cholesterol from certain foods, like eggs, meat, and dairy. 

What are the types of cholesterol?

Your cholesterol is analyzed by looking at these three categories, which are measured in milligrams per deciliter of blood:

LDL, or low-density lipoprotein

Also called “bad cholesterol,” LDL raises your risk of heart disease. Here’s how to interpret your LDL number:

160-189 mg/dL: High

130-159 mg/dL: Borderline high

100-129 mg/dL: Near optimal

Less than 100 mg/dL: Optimal

HDL, or high-density lipoprotein

Touted as the “good cholesterol,” HDL helps protect you against strokes and heart attacks. Unlike LDL, you want a high HDL number. Here’s how the HDL numbers break out:

60 mg/dL or higher: Excellent

41-59 mg/dL: Borderline low

40 mg/dL or less: Low, at risk for heart disease

Total cholesterol

Your total cholesterol number combines LDL and HDL for a big-picture view. If your LDL is high and your HDL is too low, plaque could be accruing in your arteries, which is a life-threatening medical condition.

What causes high cholesterol?

These things contribute to high cholesterol:

What are the symptoms of high cholesterol?

Unfortunately, there aren’t many and that can be a dangerous situation. We recommend you come into the clinic annually for a comprehensive cholesterol screening to head off serious problems like chest pain, heart attack, and stroke.

How is high cholesterol treated?

The team at Advanced Cardiac Care considers your overall well-being and collaborates with your family practice physician, internal medicine specialist, and other doctors to optimize your cardiovascular health. 

Dr. Avaricio customizes your treatment plan to suit your health history and current condition. Your plan may include:

It’s critical that you stay aware of your cholesterol numbers to safeguard your health. Schedule a consultation with our caring team. We’ll help you understand your cholesterol measurements and put a plan in place to keep you healthy. Call now for an appointment.

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